Check out these photos and videos of elevators from Disney theme parks, resorts and cruise ships.
A paternoster or paternoster lift is a passenger elevator which consists of a chain of open compartments (each usually designed for two persons) that move slowly in a loop up and down inside a building without stopping. Passengers can step on or off at any floor they like. The same technique is also used for filing cabinets to store great amounts of (paper) documents or for small spare parts. As a result of safety issues, many such lifts have been shut down, however a small few survive around the world. The largest of these is located in the Arts Tower at the University of Sheffield, which also remains the tallest university-owned building in the UK.
First built in 1884 by the Dartford, England engineering firm of J & E Hall Ltd as the Cyclic Elevator, the name paternoster (“Our Father”, the first two words of the Lord’s Prayer in Latin) was originally applied to the device because the elevator is in the form of a loop and is thus similar to rosary beads used as an aid in reciting prayers.
Paternosters were popular throughout the first half of the 20th century as they could carry more passengers than ordinary elevators. They were more common in continental Europe, especially in public buildings, than in the United Kingdom. They are rather slow elevators, typically travelling at about 0.3 metres per second, thus improving the chances of getting on and off successfully.
The construction of new paternosters is no longer allowed in many countries because of the high risk of accidents (people tripping or falling over when trying to enter or alight). Five people were killed by paternosters from 1970 to 1993. An 81-year-old man was killed in 2012 when he fell into the shaft. Old people, disabled people, and children are the most in danger of being crushed. In 1989, the paternoster in Newcastle University’s Claremont Tower was taken out of service after a passenger undertaking an up-and-over journey became caught in the drive chain, necessitating a rescue by the Fire Service. A conventional elevator was subsequently installed in its place. This accident led to an 18-month close-down of all UK paternosters for a safety review, during which additional safety devices were fitted.
In April 2006, Hitachi announced plans for a modern paternoster-style elevator with computer-controlled cars and normal elevator doors to alleviate safety concerns.
References: The article above is from the wikipedia entry on paternoster lifts and can be found here.
Zhangjiajie Bailong Elevator (Chinese百龙电梯), is a glass elevator built on the side of a huge rock in the Wulingyuan in Zhangjiajie, China,1070 ft (330m) high. The construction of the Bailong lift began in October 1999, and was open to the public in 2002.
Claimed to be the world’s tallest glass elevator, Bailong Elevator is built onto the side of a huge cliff in Zhangjiajie and takes you a whopping 1,070 feet high. It is the highest outdoor elevator in the world and it has three Guinness world Records: World’s tallest full-exposure outdoor elevator, world’s tallest double-deck sightseeing elevator and world’s fastest passenger traffic elevator with biggest carrying capacity. However, due to the potential harm caused to the surrounding landscape, its future remains uncertain.
The article above can be read it its entirety here.
1. Grimace painfully while smacking your forehead and muttering “Shut up, all of you, just shut up!”
2. Crack open your briefcase or purse, and while peering inside, ask, “Got enough air in there?
3. Stand silently and motionless in the corner, facing the wall, without getting off.
4. Try to make personal calls on the emergency phone.
5. Ask if you can push the button for other people, but push the wrong ones.
6. Hold the doors open and say you’re waiting for your friend. After a while, let the doors close and say, “Hi Greg. How’s your day been?
7. Bring a camera and take pictures of everyone in the elevator.
8. On the highest floor, hold the door open and demand that it stay open until you hear the penny you dropped down the shaft go “plink” at the bottom.
9. If anyone brushes against you, recoil and holler “Bad touch!”
10. Sing “Mary had a little lamb” while continually pushing buttons.
11. Lean against the button panel.
12. While the doors are opening, hurriedly whisper, “Hide it…quick!” then whistle innocently.
13. Call out, “group hug!”, then enforce it.
14. Try to take their wallet from their pocket. When they turn say, “Oh that’s where your wallet is!”
15. Slurp your saliva really loudly and obnoxiously. Then say, sorry…it’s my retainer (but you don’t have one).
16. When arriving at your floor, grunt and strain to yank the doors open, then act embarrassed when they open by themselves.
17. Greet everyone getting on the elevator with a warm handshake and ask them to call you Admiral.
18. Make explosion noises when anyone presses a button.
19. Stare, grinning at another passenger for awhile, and then announce, “I have new socks on.”
20. Whistle the first seven notes of “It’s a Small World” incessantly.
21. Meow occasionally.
22. Break dance to elevator music.
23. Carry a big box in, then ask someone if they want to see a REALLY BIG snake.
24. If you have a glass eye, tap on it occasionally with your pen while talking to others.
25. Ask people what gender they are.
26. Practice making fax and modem noises.
27. When the elevator doors close, announce to the others, “It’s okay, don’t panic, they’ll open again.”
28. When arriving at your floor, grunt and strain to yank the doors open, then act embarrassed when they open by themselves.
29. When the elevator dings, scream.
30. Say, while holding a paper with OUT OF ORDER written on it, “I wonder why this was glued on the door when I came in.”
31. Investigate just how slowly you can make a “croaking” noise.
32. Drum on every available surface.
33. Bring lots of mint dental floss just to lick the flavor off.
34. Listen to the elevator walls with your stethoscope.
35. Announce in a demonic voice, “I must find a more suitable host body.”
36. Say “Ding” at each floor.
Taipei 101, Taiwan
Building height: 509.2 meters (1,671 feet)
The world’s tallest building (soon to be overtaken by the Burj Dubai), the Taipei 101 has two express elevators that together hold the all-time record for speed. Time to the 87th floor observation deck: 37 seconds.
Yokohama Landmark Tower, Yokohama, Japan
Elevator speed: 750 meters per minute
Building height: 296 meters (972 feet)
Japan’s tallest building since its completion in 1993, the tower comes complete with offices, retail space, and a five star hotel. Its elevator travels at one floor per second
Burj Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Elevator speed: 600 meters per minute
Building height: 555.3 meters (1,822 feet)
Still under construction, the Burj will become the tallest freestanding structure in the world when it’s completed in 2008. Its 155 floors make it one and a half times the height of New York City’s Empire State Building. The estimated price tag is for completion is $4.1 billion.
Sunshine 60, Tokyo
Elevator speed: 600 meters per minute
Building height: 240 meters (797 feet)
Built in 1978, Sunshine 60 held the title of East Asia’s tallest building for seven years. Now it’s only the eight tallest in Japan.
John Hancock Building, Chicago
Elevator speed: 549 meters per minute
Building height: 344 meters (1,127 feet)
Lots of tourists whisk up to the 94th floor observation deck. The 38-year-old tower is now only the third highest in Chicago, but its elevators outrun those in the taller Sears Tower and Aon Center.
Stratosphere Tower, Las Vegas
Elevator speed: 549 meters per minute
Building height: 350 meters (1,149 feet)
The tallest freestanding observation tower in the U.S., the Stratosphere’s elevators get tourists from the ground to the top in 30 seconds.
Freshwater Place, Melbourne, Australia
Elevator speed: 540 meters per minute
Building height: 205 meters (670 feet)
A newly built urban village with residential apartments and retail shops. Three-bedroom units start at $1.3 million.
8 Jin Mao Tower Place, Shanghai, China
Elevator speed: 540 meters per minute
Building height: 421 meters (1,380 feet)
Completed two years ago, this 88-story marvel contains offices and a Hyatt hotel. The basement has a food court and parking for 600 cars.
Empire State Building, New York
Elevator speed: 426 meters per minute
Building height: 381 meters (1,250 feet)
An old classic that keeps its elevators up to date–that’s necessary when you’ve got to get 3 million or so visitors a year to the 86th floor observation deck
Petronas Towers, Malaysia
Elevator speed: 420 meters per minute
Building height: 452 meters (1,482 feet)
The tallest buildings in the world prior to the completion of the Taipei 101 in 2003, the Petronus Towers feature double-decker elevators that drop people at consecutive odd and even floors simultaneously. Evacuations are made easier by a design that lets cars open into each other from the side, allowing people to get off one car and onto another before heading down.
In the article below, body language expert Janine Driver explains how to make elevator rides less awkward.
For some it’s just a quick lift, but on some level, many people find the elevator to be one awkward and uncomfortable place — and not just claustrophobics. Though an elevator ride usually lasts less than 30 seconds, often it’s the body language and etiquette of fellow passengers that can really push people’s buttons… so to speak. Body language expert Janine Driver highlights some areas where people breach the unwritten rules of elevator etiquette:
Imagine riding on a crowded elevator; perhaps you are running late to work, or maybe you are going to a doctor’s appointment, or perhaps you are on your way home to pick up your two-year old son from Day Care.
Now picture yourself standing in the back left corner, facing the doors.
There are two people to your right, and five people in front of you — each of you just inches from one another and not saying a word. All of a sudden the 19th floor button lights up above the closed metal doors, less than a second later, the doors open to two young men eating Chimmy Changas, talking loudly, and making wild gestures. Then the unimaginable happens, the newcomers squeeze in and continue their conversation as if they are at a Red Sox game.
With over 120 billion rides per year in over 600,000 elevators in the U.S., you might be surprised to learn that there are still some people who are not familiar with the unspoken code of elevator etiquette! Yes, even on elevators there are invisible physical boundaries to observe.
Just like a head nod, a smile, and a wave hello, space “speaks.” The study of “perception and use of space” with humans is called Proxemics and it applies to us everywhere, especially in tight spaces – like in an elevator!
Intimate: 0 to 18 inches
Personal-casual: 1.5 to 4 feet
Social: 4 to 10 feet
Public: 10 feet and beyond
Below are 3 silent strategies and steps to acing elevator etiquette:
Ladies and gentlemen, take your corners
Upon entering the elevator, you should stand as close to a wall or corner as possible, this will help you and others distance yourselves from one another with a hearty buffer zone. When it comes to body language, you can reduce a spacial invasion if you eliminate large body movements, decrease eye contact and lower your tone and pitch of voice.
The more people that enter the elevator, the more your body language should get smaller. If you are going to a high floor, it will save everyone from sighing and bumping into each other if you just stand in the back. And if you are on one of the lower floors, please stand toward the front.
1-2 People: Separate
4 People: Each person should take a corner
5 or More People: Face the door, get taller & thinner, hands, pocketbooks, brief cases hang down in front of the body (fig leaf position), do not touch people unless over-crowding forces shoulders and upper arms to touch
The eyes don’t have it
Generally, most people on an elevator are in self-talk mode; thinking about their day or perhaps planning for tomorrow. They tend to gaze at the ground, the button panel, the closed doors, or they may quietly look at something they are holding in their hands. While avoiding visual contact is a means of avoiding interactions, women and men approach the issue of eye contact in this 4 x 4 boxed-in space differently. Men prefer to have no eye-contact with anyone inside the elevator, while the ladies need to know who they will be sharing this small space with, so they’ll give a quick glance and maybe even flash the giant of all gestures — a smile.
Also, the most common facial expression seen in an elevator is the “non-expression,” which is used by most of us to keep strangers at a distance. The blank stare is probably the only tool we have to maintain our “private space” — it sends the message, “DO NOT DISTURB!”
Rules of conversation
Any time you’re talking on an elevator, take a moment for a reality check! Are you talking quietly or can the people on the outside of the elevator still hear you? Are you dropping F-bombs or talking about a private issue? Are you picking up on the negative non-verbal cues the other people are sending you (bending away from you, wrinkled noses, rolling eyes)? Do other people seem to be enjoying your story about your husband busting you cheating on him with his best friend or would they rather you take the 5th amendment?
Seriously, for the most part, conversations in the elevator are generally not recommended. But if you are the type of person that likes to talk to strangers in line at the grocery store and you must chat with people in the elevator, then keep the topic simple and light, i.e. I love your coat, your earrings are beautiful, or how about those Yankees?
In conclusion, always remember that, “Space Speaks,” and always take the time to follow the “3 Silent Strategies to Acing Elevator Etiquette!”
Yes, you now have the tools to make your next elevator journey a little more quieter and safer for our saniety!
For more tips and information from Janine Driver visit Lyin’ Tamer.
See this link to read the original article and view the accompanying video.